African Countries, Their Capitals, Independence Dates and Colonizers

Africa has a total number of 54 countries. A continent with over 3000 different ethnic groups speaking more than 2100 different languages.

Below is a list of all African countries, capitals , date of independence and colonizers.

CountryCapitalIndependence DateColonizers
AlgeriaAlgiers (Alger, El Djazâir, Al Jaza’ir)July 5th, 1962France
AngolaLuandaNovember 11th; 1975Portugal
BeninPorto-Novo (constitutional)
Cotonou (seat of government)
August 1st; 1960French
BotswanaGaboroneSeptember 30th, 1966Britain
Burkina FasoOuagadougouAugust 5; 1960France
BurundiBujumburaJuly 1st; 1962Belgium
CameroonYaoundéJanuary 1st; 1960French-administered UN trusteeship
Cape VerdePraiaJuly 5th; 1975Portugal
C.A.RBanguiAugust 13th; 1960France
ChadN’Djamena (Ndjamena)August 11th, 1960France
ComorosMoroni (Môrônî (Arab)July 6th; 1975France
CongoBrazzavilleAugust 15th; 1960France
Congo DRKinshasaJune 30th; 1960Belgium
Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroAugust 7th; 1960France
DjiboutiDjibouti (City) (Djiboûtî)June 27th; 1977France
EgyptCairo (El Qahirah)February 28th, 1922Britain
Eq GuineaMalabo (formerly Santa Isabel city state)October 12; 1968Spain
EritreaAsmara (Asmera)May 24th; 1993Ethiopia
EthiopiaAddis Ababa (Addis Abeba)over 2000 years,
Never colonized
GabonLibrevilleAugust 17th; 1960France
GambiaBanjulFebruary 18th; 1965Britain
GhanaAccra6 March 1957Britain
GuineaConakryOctober 2nd; 1958France
Guinea BissauBissau10 September 1974
24 September 1973
Portugal
KenyaNairobiDecember 12th, 1963Britain
LesothoMaseruOctober 4th; 1966Britain
LiberiaMonroviaJuly 26th; 1847American colonization Society
LibyaTripoli (Tarabulus)December 24; 1951Italy
MadagascarAntananarivoJune 26th; 1960France
MalawiLilongweJuly 6th; 1964Britain
MaliBamakoSeptember 22nd; 1960France
MauritaniaNouakchott (Nuwaskshut, Noûâkchot (mr))November 28th; 1960France
MauritiusPort LouisMarch 12th, 1968Britain
MoroccoRabat (Ar Ribat, Er Ribât (ma))March 2nd; 1956France
MozambiqueMaputoJune 25th; 1975Portugal
NamibiaWindhoekMarch 21st; 1990South African mandate
NigerNiameyAugust 3rd; 1960France
NigeriaAbujaOctober 1st, 1960Britain
RwandaKigaliJuly 1st; 1962Belgium administered UN trusteeship
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeJuly 12th; 1975Portugal
SenegalDakarApril 4th; 1960France
SeychellesVictoriaJune 29th; 1976Britain
Sierra LeoneFreetownApril 27th; 1961Britain
SomaliaMogadishu (Muqdishu (ar), Muqdisho (so))July 1st; 1960Britain
Italy
South AfricaCape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Pretoria (admin.)
11 December 1931,
April 1994(end of apatheid)
Britain
SudanKhartoum (Al Khartum, Al Khurtum (sd)January 1st; 1956Egypt, Britain
SwazilandMbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (legislative)
September 6th; 1968Britain
TanzaniaDodoma
Dar es Salaam (former capital)
April 26th, 1964Britain
TogoLoméApril 27th; 1960French administered UN trusteeship
TunisiaTunis (Toûnis, Tunus (tn))March 20th; 1956France
UgandaKampalaOctober 9th; 1962Britain
ZambiaLusakaOctober 24th; 1964Britain
ZimbabweHarare (formerly Salisbury)April 18th; 1980Britain

How many of these countries do you know or have you visited? – Comemakewego Africa
Tourist Destinations, Travel & Tourism

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