This is an official document issued by a competent public authority to nationals of the country or in some cases to also alien residents allowing access to another country.
All passports generally contain similar information. This includes;
Full names – Date of issue – Given names – Authority – Nationality- Date of Expiry- Date of birth- Sex- Holders signature and photograph- Place of birth.
A passport is registered to only one person, however, few countries allow joint passports which allow a parent and child share one passport. For instance in Morocco; Minors (16 and below) traveling together with parent(s), who have been registered in parents passport, do not need a separate passport. Note that you need a passport to visit another country (This is a compulsory document you must have)
Before you travel, you must be aware that some countries require that a passport must be valid for up to six months beyond your stay in a particular country.
Should you be traveling with a joint passport (parent and child), it is a must you both travel together for the complete journey. For example, if you are traveling from Nigeria to Morocco with a minor registered on your passport, you won’t be allowed to travel back to Nigeria alone without the child. This is because the child would be left with no proof of legal entry into Morocco and therefore would not be able to leave without you the parent.
There are general rules to be remembered as regards the validity of a passport. These include:
- A passport is normally valid for either five or ten years, depending on the country issuing the document.
- A passport is normally valid for all countries unless exceptions are noted.
- Check the passport expiry date; some countries require that an individual’s passport is valid for six months beyond the traveler’s intended length of stay.
- Children over the age of sixteen are normally required to hold a valid passport issued in their own name.
- A passport remains the property of the issuing authority and can be withdrawn at any time.
Types of passport
- Normal Passport: This is issued by a country to its nationals/citizens.
- Alien’s passport: This is issued to individuals living in a country, even though they are not citizens or nationals of that country.
- Diplomatic or consular Passport: Issued to diplomatic, consular and other government officials on missions entitling the bearer to diplomatic status under international law and custom.
- Other passports may include; International Red Cross and laissez-Passer travel documents supplied to refugees. These passports are issued by international organizations such as the United Nations and the international Red Cross and are generally accepted for international travel – subject to certain additional requirements.